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  • Andree DeCastro

The Big Five Personality Traits

Updated: Jan 13, 2020


The big five personality traits are a taxonomy of many personality traits that can be associated with the big five. They are usually measured through a spectrum of low, moderate or high. Being measured too high in any of these personality traits can indicate a personality problem. 

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Over the past 20 years, a tremendous volume of research has been conducted on the empirical correlates of each of the five factors. Here are some of the interesting findings:


1)Openness/ Intellect. People high in openness have been linked to experimentation with new foods, a liking for novel experiences and even “openness” to having extramarital affairs. One possible cause of openness may lie in individual differences in the processing of information. This may be a reason why people high in openness have a high measured of creativity. Less open people have more tunnel vision and find it easier to ignore incoming stimuli. High open people are more likely to get tattoos and piercings , be more politically liberal, excel in achievements of the arts, and show higher levels of musical sophistication.


2)Conscientiousness. These people are industrious and get ahead. Most of the fitness people and diet people on Instagram may score high on conscientiousness. Conscientious people result in a host of positive life outcomes such as higher grade point averages, greater job satisfaction, greater job security and more positive and committed relationships. The reason for their success is because they do not procrastinate, they tend to be perfectionists and are industrious putting long hours of work to get ahead. They are also more likely to do volunteer work when they retire.


3)Extraverts love to party. They have a greater impact on their social environment and tend to be happier. Extraverts tend to enjoy their work, which does make a big impact in their work field. The downsides are that extraverts like to drive fast and listen to music while driving, which leads to a higher rate of car accidents. They are also less likely to save money for retirement. 


4) Agreeableness. Those who score high on agreeableness favor using negotiation to solve conflicts. They tend to withdraw from social conflicts. They like harmonious social and family life. Those high on agreeableness seem to be good at reading people’s minds, which leads to more forgiveness of other people. So the next time you get into an argument or even a relationship with someone you def. might want to find out where they are on the agreeable-aggressive disposition. 


5) Neuroticism. Life poses stress and hurdles that everyone must confront. Unfortunately some people are more vulnerable to these stresses than others. People high in neuroticism are more vulnerable to stress, anxiety and depression. People who score high in neuroticism tend to have a variability of moods over time. Their emotions tend to be unstable. They tend to experience more fatigue in the day and experience more intense grief and depression after the death of a loved one. Those high in neuroticism tend to have more frequent suicidal ideations. They also report poorer physical health and fewer attempts to engage in health promoting behaviors. They tend to have unstable relationships, and are more likely to suffer from PTSD. They tend to engage in a lot of self-handicapping, Talking down on themself and looking at everyone in their lives as threats even when those people aren’t threatening. 

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